Chon-Ji

Number of Movements : 19

Defenition : Literally means Heaven and Earth. In the orient it is intepreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the first pattern learned by a beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts, one representing the Heaven and the other the Earth.

Dan-Gun

Number of Movements : 21

Definition : Dan Gun is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.

Do-San

Number of Movements : 24

Definition : Do San is the pseudonym for the patriot Ahn Chango-Ho (1876 to 1938). The 24 movements in this pattern represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and it’s independence movement.

Won-Hyo

Number of Movements : 28

Definition : Won Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty of Korea in the year 686 AD.

Yul-Gok

Number of Movements : 38

Definition : Yul Gok is the pseudonym of the great philospher and teacher Yi I (1536 to 1584). He was nicknamed the Confucius of Korea. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th degree latitude and the diagram represents Scholar.

Joon-Gun

Number of Movements : 32

Definition : Joong Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea, who played a leading part in the Korea-Japan Merger. The 32 movements in this pattern represent Ahn Joong Gun’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shing prison in 1910.

Toi-Gye

Number of Movements : 37

Definition : Toi Gye is the pseudonym of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements represent his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude and the diagram represents scholar.

Hwa-Rang

Number of Movements : 29

Definition : Hwa Rang is named after the Hwa Rang youth group that originated in the Silla dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division commanded by General Choi in 1953 where Taekwon-Do was developed into maturity.

Choong-Moo

Number of Movements : 30

Definition : Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reported to have invented the first armoured battleship (kobukson) in 1592, which is said to have been the precursor of the present day submarine. The pattern ends with a left-hand attack symbolising his regrettable death. He was never allowed to reach his full potential as he was forced to be loyal to the king.

Kwang-Gae

Definition: Is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram (+) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne.

Po-Eun

Definition: Is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram ( – ) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Ge-Baek

Definition: Is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram ( I ) represents his severe and strict military discipline.

Choong-Jang

Definition: Is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left- hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

Juche

Definition: Is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in
Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram (&) represents Baekdu Mountain.

Eui-Am

Definition: Is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

Sam-Il

Definition: Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

Yoo-Sin

Defintion: Is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A. D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his king’s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

Choi-Yong

Defintion: Is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later become the first king of the Lee Dynasty.